Secondhand Smoke in Pregnancy Causes Bad Effects on The Unborn Baby

Pregnant women are often recommended not to smoke, but it is a fact that secondhand smoke also has a negative effect on the brain development of newborns.

Expectant mothers who smoke or inhale secondhand smoke put their children in danger for lobesity, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and earning difficulties. The researchers also discovered that babies who have been exposed to nicotine in smoke have impaired physiological, motor, sensory, and attention responses in the first two to three days of life. Secondhand smoke can be almost as dangerous to a baby as having a mother who smokes, at least when mentioning stillbirths and birth defects.

Secondhand smoke contains over 4000 chemicals including more than 40 cancer causing agents and 200 known poisons. These can enter the pregnant mother and influence on her baby.The range for smoking women and birth defects is between 10 – 34%, and for pregnant women who are around smokers, 13%. Babies exposed to passive smoke were more probably to be born with major deformities of the feet, testes, or not have a brain.
When a pregnant woman is exposed to secondhand smoke, the nicotine she breath in is transferred to her unborn baby.

How Does Secondhand Smoke Affect Aregnant Woman?

Women who smoke or are exposed to secondhand smoke during pregnancy:
• have a higher rate of miscarriges and stillbirths
• have an increased risk of low birthweight infants
• have children with greater risk of sudden infant death syndrome
• have children born with decreased lung function

How Does Smoking Affect The Unborn Baby?

• The chemicals from cigarette smoke get into your unborn baby’s blood so your unborn baby gets 25% less oxygen, does not grow the right way and is less healthy.
• The placenta ties mom and baby – food and oxygen go from Mom’s blood to baby through the placenta. Nicotine can enter the placenta thereby reducing blood flow to the fetus and impacting on the fetal cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system and central nervous system.
• Every time you breath cigarettes smoke, your baby gets less food and oxygen.
• Babies of secondhand smokers are at the high risk to be born prematurely.
• Babies of secondhand smokers do not grow as well as they could due to the carbon monoxide. This leads to a baby with light birth weight.


Tips to Avoid Morning Sickness During Pregnancy

Becoming pregnancy is one of the happiest moments a woman will experience. It is a new stage in her life that involves change and adjustment. At times these changes can take a toll on her body both physically and mentally. In the beginning stages of pregnancy is when many women experience morning sickness. Between 70-85% of women experience nausea and vomiting within the first trimester of pregnancy. This is also one of the most common signs of pregnant women and it is really a big problem with pregnancy. How to avoid morning sickness?

Avoid Morning Sickness During Pregnancy
Morning Sickness During Pregnancy

While it may be difficult to even fathom the thought of eating, always keep something in your stomach. This can be dry toast, saltines, ginger cookies or even a little protein. Try to eat small, frequent meals. Realize that this, too, will pass and give way to a new stage of eating in pregnancy. Keep crackers by your bed to keep something in your stomach late at night so you will not awake to nausea in the morning.

It recommends expectant mothers to be, to avoid cooking during the first trimester of pregnancy. The reason for this is because anything that has a strong odor of any kind can also trigger nausea and vomiting. If you must work or cook food, avoid odors that can trigger feelings of nausea. Realize that your sense of smell may be enhanced during pregnancy and you might pick up on scents that were not bothersome in the past.

Ginger or lemon may work wonders when it comes to warding off morning sickness. Drinking ginger ale or chewing on ginger candy or crystallized ginger can help ward off nausea. Sniffing a lemon or sucking on lemon drops can also help keep nausea at bay.

Try not to wear clothes that are too fitted. This can lead to heart burn, indigestion and an upset stomach. If these symptoms are bad enough the acids in the stomach can build up and cause a stomach ache. If the heartburn is severe enough it can also induce nausea and vomiting.

Talk to your doctor about taking supplements for nausea. You may be able to take vitamin B6 or other supplements or herbs to help ease your morning sickness. Decide with your doctor which herb or vitamin and what dose you should be taking.

Back Pain In Pregnancy

For pregnant women, back pain during pregnancy is not a trivial matter. If not addressed, pregnancy pain can have a negative impact on your daily lifestyle, from possibly causing missed time from work to making your delivery more difficult.

What causes back pain in pregnancy?

Back Pain In Pregnancy
Back Pain In Pregnancy

When your belly becomes bigger throughout your pregnancy, your lower back curves more than usual to deal with the load, resulting in strained muscles and, you guessed it, pain. In addition, your growing uterus shifts your center of gravity forward, adding even more pressure on your lower back. Add to the mix a hormone called relaxin that can cause your ligaments to stretch and joints to loosen, and you’ve got one hurting back. The good news about backache during pregnancy is that it’s curable. There are many ways to relieve it, so if one solution doesn’t work, another probably will.

What You Can Do About It

  • Watch your posture when you’re sitting, which puts more strain on your spine than anything else. At home and at work, make sure the chairs you use most provide good support, preferably with a straight back, arms, and a firm cushion. Use a footrest to elevate your feet slightly, and don’t cross your legs; that can cause your pelvis to tilt forward, exacerbating those strained back muscles.
  • Take breaks by walking or standing and stretching at least once an hour. Sitting too long can make your back hurt even more.
  • Try not to stand too long, either. If you work on your feet, try to place one foot on a low stool to take some pressure off your lower back.
  • Avoid lifting heavy loads, but if you must, do it slowly. Stabilize yourself by assuming a wide stance; bend at the knees, not at the waist; and lift with your arms and legs, not your back.
  •  Maintain your weight gain where it must be (extra weight is extra hard on any back).
  • Wear the proper shoes. Extremely high heels are out – as are completely flat ones. Experts recommend a 2-inch heel to keep your body in proper alignment.
  • Ensure your your bed is firm. If not, place a board underneath for the duration. A body pillow (at least 5 feet long) can also aid you find stress-minimizing sleeping positions.
  • Consider a crisscross support sling designed specifically for a pregnant figure, which will help take the burden of your belly’s weight off your lower back.
  • No reaching for the things on the top shelf. Use a low, stable, step stool to get items from high places and you’ll avoid additional strain.
  • Think good thoughts, be optimistic. A calm mind leads to a looser back. You should try some yoga, which will relax both your mind and your back.
  • Do pelvic tilts to strengthen your abs.
  • Soothe sore muscles by putting on cold compresses, then warm compresses in 15-minute intervals.
  • Have a warm bath (ask your partner to draw it for you). Or turn the shower head to pulsating and enjoy the back massage.
  • Talking about massages, go get one (after the first trimester and with a masseuse who knows you’re pregnant and is trained in the art of prenatal massage).
  • If pain is significant, ask your practitioner about physical therapists, alternative medicine specialists (such as acupuncturists), or chiropractors who might be able to help.

Migraines During Pregnancy

If you’re pregnant, you’re certainly experiencing new aches and pains. If you’re also one of the thousands and thousands of pregnant ladies who experience migraines, you could be glad to find out that pregnancy helps reduce migraine headache symptoms for many women. The information in this article can help you deal.

Migraine Headaches causes

Changing hormones in women is a common trigger for those prone to migraine. This is often shown in pregnancy when the sex hormone levels show profound changes which has an effect on whether your migraine get better or worse.

However, it is not always the case that your migraine will better, especially in the early weeks of pregnancy. For a few women, migraine can even get worse and continue unchanged.

The things you need to know about migraines during pregnancy

Some people who have a history of migraines have them more often when they’re pregnant; others encounter fewer of them. Many women also have migraines for the first time at the time of pregnancy.

Since some research shows that women who suffer from pregnancy migraines can also be at increased risk for hypertension, preeclampsias, and other vascular issues, check in with your doctor if you’re constantly suffering from a pregnancy migraine. You may need to be screened for such complications.

What you can do

Unfortunately, if you’re a frequent migraine sufferer and you rely on strong migraine medications, you may have to table them until the baby arrives.

Each time you have a headache, make a note of:

Your particular symptoms: where you feel the pain, what the pain feels like, and any other symptoms such as vomiting or sensitivity to noise, smells, or bright light.

The time your headache began and stopped.

Food and drinks you got during the 24 hours prior to the migraine.

Any change in your surroundings, such as flying to a new place, weather change, or trying new kinds of food.

Any remedy you tried, and whether it helped or made the headache worse.

Doing exercise regularly (like walking, swimming, and bicycling) can lessen the frequency and degree of migraines during pregnancy.

One of the easiest ways to overcome migraine pain is to lie down in a quiet, dark room with a cold compress on your neck or forehead. With any luck, you’ll fall asleep and wake up migraine-free. Better still, if you think a migraine is coming on, it’s better to stop it in its tracks than wait for it to come barreling down on you full force. So, grab that cold compress and take a rest earlier rather than later.

Signs of Pregnancy

Pregnancy has a very important role in the women’s life. Some women are so in tune with their bodies that they can tell within days that they are pregnant but some may be unaware of any changes for weeks, only wondering if they’re pregnant when they miss a period. The only way to know for sure you’re pregnant is with a pregnancy test. However, there are early signs of pregnancy that can alert you to the fact that you may be pregnant and should have a test.

pregnancyMissed period

For a woman who has always been regular, a missed menstrual period is often the first indication of pregnancy. However, women also miss periods for other reasons such as emotional upset, illness, severe weight loss, over-exercising, anxiety about getting pregnant, onset of menopause and sometimes coming off the pill. Therefore, we cannot base on this signs alone to sure that we are pregnancy. We must look for the other signs.

Fatigue and sleepiness

When you first become pregnant, your metabolism steps up a few gears in order to support your developing baby as well as your own body, which creates one big workload! You may become so immensely tired that you feel that you need to sleep more than usual. For many women, fatigue is the first symptom of pregnancy. If you are pregnant, chances are you’ll start to feel less tired around week 12, when the placenta is fully formed.

Swollen and tender breasts

Soreness or tingling in breasts is one of pregnancy’s most common symptoms. A woman’s breasts may feel different immediately she falls pregnant. Early in pregnancy breasts will fill out and change shape as they prepare to produce milk.  You may notice that your breasts are larger and swollen, with blue veins visible just below the skin. Tenderness tends to be most common in the first trimester, easing as pregnancy progresses.

Feeling sick

Morning sickness is a common symptom of early pregnancy. It often starts when you’re four to six weeks pregnant. You may feel nauseated and queasy, or even vomit. Despite its name, morning sickness can affect you morning, noon or night. Commonly, this signs often appears after you wake up and brush your teeth.

Urinary frequency

From about six weeks pregnant, you may notice this sign. When you’re pregnant, your uterus presses directly on the bladder leading to more frequent urination. As your pregnancy progresses the baby will actually grow large enough to put pressure on your bladder, causing you to feel the need to go more often. This is usually a whole pregnancy symptom.

Sense of Smell

Pregnancy can heighten your sense of smell! Smells which never bothered you before may become intolerable, causing nausea. This symptom is one of the most common early signs that you could be pregnant. Many women report an intense dislike of the smell of cooking fat or are repulsed by a food they previously enjoyed.

Darkening areolas

For many women, hormones can cause the areolas, the circles around nipples, to widen and darken during pregnancy. This occurs as the body prepares itself for breastfeeding.

Skin changes

Changes in the skin are common in early pregnancy. Skin can become drier, but also can be prone to an outbreak of spots. These sometimes persist for several months.

Unusual hunger or cravings

Pregnant bodies are working hard to grow that baby, and need about 300 extra calories a day. Some women find themselves craving food they would never normally dream of eating, while others simply feel hungry all day long. Some woman will crave some special foods that they even don’t like before.

These are some common signs of pregnancy, we can base on this to detect the pregnancy soon but we recommend that you take pregnancy test to have an exact result. Most home tests will give you a reliable result if you wait until at least the first day of a missed period.

What For Eating Well Do Boost Fertility?

According  to the Havard study, “Western” diet that prefers to red meat, refined carbs, and sweets plus sugary drinks can lower sperm quality in men ages 18 to 22. Additionally, men who consume more foods contain trans fats found in snacks or fast foods such as cookies, cakes, pastries, crackers, and fried foods has poorer-quality sperm motility. Consequently, these foods put young men’s fertility at risk. That is study presented at the American Society of Reproductive Medicine’s annual meeting in October.

Meanwhile, another Spanish study involved nearly 500 female participants reported no link between a Western diet and their reproductive ability. Noticeably, there are some certain foods do help getting pregnant at women. Here are listed a range of foods good for both husband and wife who are trying to conceive:

 # 1: Fish

Fish is a rich source of Omega-3. A diet such as Mediterranean-style diet that included fish daily can improve fertility. The researchers theorize that a Mediterranean diet may indirectly influence ovulation by improving the body’s sensitivity to insulin, which in turn helps regulate the balance of reproductive hormones.

# 2: Whole grains

Whole grains groups include amaranth, barley, brown or wild rice, flaxseed, oats, quinoa, and spelt  that also said  “slow carbs” to be more beneficial than “fast carbs”  found particularly in white rice, cold breakfast cereal and potatoes. Those who have more whole grains for breakfast  are at lower risk of ovulatory infertility than those who not found, six-year study of 18,000 Harvard nurses found.

# 3: Ice cream

A small dish of ice cream, full-fat yogurt, or glass of whole milk daily can help likely find themselves eating for two. Conversely, drinking skim milk appears to promote ovulatory infertility in women (the culprit in 25 percent or more cases of infertility), the researchers who conducted the nurses’ study reported in the Harvard Health Newsletter in 2009. However, both men and women should avoid trans fats, which could bust their baby-making odds, studies suggest.

# 4: Fruits and vegetables

We all know fresh fruits and vegetables are a critical part of a nutritious diet, particularly healthy infertility diet. Those couples who are expecting to become a parent should choose a diet rich in fruits and veggies. The Spanish researchers believe that the healthy antioxidants fruits and vegetables contain such as berries may be the explanation, while the Harvard researchers point out that extra iron from such plants as spinach, beans, pumpkin, beats and tomatoes may improve women’s baby-making prospects.

# 5: Olive oil

Olive oil as well as other unsaturated vegetable oils benefit for both your heart and your fertility.  It is seen as healthy fats that do boost insulin sensitivity and decrease inflammation resulting higher chance of conceive. Other healthy fats  are found in nuts, seeds, and cold-water fish like salmon.

# 6: Folic acid

Usually, doctors advise women who are looking forward to getting pregnant to take folic acid supplements to protect against neural tube birth defects. Furthermore, now there is a possible link between a folate-rich diet and healthier sperm in men. Accordingly, guys with the highest intake of folate had lower rates of sperm with abnormal chromosomes—20 percent less than men with a low-folate diet. Foods high in folic acid are liver, citrus fruits, leafy green veggies, and whole grains which make an ideal choice for men and women, also.

 Adapted from

Missed period common causes

Normally, a woman pass between 11 and 13 period each year, in case of having fewer or more, it is called missed period. Irregular period, however, is not too serious problems as many women are worried about. You can see it as a common sign at the beginning of menstruation and maybe last for a several year till it become balanced. If you are seeing an irregular period for months, please take is easy to understand if you are having one or more problems following:

  • lose or gain an excessive weight.
  • have digestive disorder, eating confusion such as anorexia or bulimia.
  • do increased exercises, especially in marathoners or endurance athletes.
  • suffer from stress, depression which can easily cause your period disorder.
  • use drugs prescribed as illegal drugs including marijuana, cocaine, acid, LSD, and so on.
  • Problems with the pelvic organs, such as imperforate hymen, polycystic ovary syndrome, or Asherman’s syndrome.
  • Breast-feeding. Many women do not resume regular periods until they have completed breast-feeding.

Moreover, this problems can be the symptom of having pregnancy. For sure thing, see your doctor and ask for a pregnancy test then having a good plan with midwife consults.



Top 10 superfoods for pregnancy diet

When you’re pregnant, the top priority is eating right, staying healthy for both . That means the foods you eat must provide as many nutritional benefits as possible. Enter functional foods, which supply all of the nutrients crucial to your well-being and your baby’s growth. Following are the most important foods to eat during pregnancy.

Here are some choice foods to add to your pregnancy diet, making those extra calories count by providing a variety of nutrients that benefit you and your child.


Chickpeas, lentils, black beans, and soybeans supply fiber, protein, iron, folate, calcium, and zinc. Suggested recipes are: chili and soups, salads, and pasta dishes; as hummus with whole-grain crackers or in roll-up sandwiches.

Lean Beef

Eye of round, top round, round tip, bottom round, top loin and tenderloin are among the leanest cuts available.
What you get: Protein, vitamins B6 and B12, and the minerals zinc and iron in their most absorbable form. Beef is one of the most concentrated food sources of choline.


They’re packed with carbohydrates, vitamin C, potassium, folate, fiber, and fluid. The phytonutrients in berries are naturally occurring beneficial plant compounds that protect cells from damage.


Broccoli is rich in the folate, fiber, calcium, lutein, zeaxanthin, carotenoids to foster healthy vision, and potassium for fluid balance and normal blood pressure. Broccoli also contains the raw materials for vitamin A production in the body.

As part of pasta and stir-fry dishes, steamed and topped with a smattering of olive oil, pureed and added to soups, or roasted: chop broccoli into bite-sized pieces, coat lightly with olive oil and roast on a baking sheet at 400 degrees Fahrenheit until tender, about 15 minutes.

Cheese (pasteurized)

Cheese supplies concentrated amounts of calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium for your bones and your baby’s, plus vitamin B12 and protein (use reduced-fat varieties, such as Cabot 50% Light Cheddar to save on calories, fat, and cholesterol). As snacks with whole-grain crackers or fruit, sprinkled on top of soups, in salads, sandwiches, and omelets.


Eggs supply the gold-standard of protein because they provide all of the amino acids you and your baby need to thrive. They also include more than a dozen vitamins and minerals, such as choline, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Certain brands supply the omega-3 fats baby needs for brain development and peak vision, so check the label. In omelets and frittatas, in salads and sandwiches, in homemade waffles, crepes, and whole-grain French toast, as snacks, hard-cooked, or scrambled.


It’s an excellent source of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D — bone-building nutrients mother and child require every day. Milk also packs protein, vitamin A, and B vitamins.

Plain or flavored, in smoothies made with fruit, over whole-grain cereal and fruit, and in pudding. Prepare oatmeal in the microwave with milk instead of water.


While seafood is generally low in fat, the type of fat it does contain is largely the heart-healthy omega-3 variety. Fattier species, such as salmon, cod and haddock, are excellent sources of omega-3.
What you get:Protein, B vitamins and small but significant levels of iron and zinc.

Sweet Potatoes

Sweet Potatoes are high in carbohydrates, vitamin C, folate and fiber.


Last but not least, it is yogurt. Plain yogurt contains more calcium than milk does and is the richest of all yogurts in zinc. Some new brands are now fortified with vitamin D; check the label to be sure.
What you get:Calcium, carbohydrates, protein, B vitamins and zinc.

There are two main types of sweet potatoes: dry-fleshed and moist-fleshed. Throughout the United States, the moist-fleshed, orange variety is often improperly referred to as a yam.

Twins pregnancy may be at risk of aborting

An recent NHS watchdog warned that women pregnant with twins or triplets may be at high dangers of aborting one of their babies.
Accordingly, mothers-to-be with multiple pregnancy should be given information on the “physical risks and psychological implications” of what is known as “selective fetal reduction” before their fetuses are screened for Down’s syndrome or risk of disabled after being born. Consequently, they should choose to abort one of their twins or triplets. The report, published on Wednesday, states: “Before screening for Down’s syndrome offer women with twin and triplet pregnancies information about … the physical risks and psychological implications in the short and long term relating to selective fetal reduction.”
There is now an increasing number of women choose to make this difficult decision because of the fact that more older women are becoming pregnant after having IVF treatment. Nice’s guidance, however, also suggests that the procedure of aborting one of two or three fetuses is itself dangerous, and may later lead to emotional problems in both the mother and the remaining twin. This makes having twins or triplets more likely, which can mean complications in birth.
The guidance follows a 60 per cent increase in the incidence of multiple births in England and Wales over the past three decades, from 10 women per 1,000 giving birth in 1980 to 16 per 1,000 in 2009.
“This rising multiple birth rate is due mainly to increasing use of assisted reproduction techniques, including IVF,” says Nice.
Women expecting multiple babies are at higher risk of miscarrying and having high blood pressure, as well as suffering stillbirths or having babies with congenital abnormalities.
As a result, the watchdog says that these women need “more monitoring and increased contact” with midwives and doctors as well as a mental health professional, infant feeding specialist, dietitian and women’s health physiotherapis for “increased need for psychological support”.

Nice (The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence) recommends they should be seen at least seven times by an “experienced multidisciplinary team” including obstetricians, midwives and ultrasonographers to provide frequent tests on the development of their pregnancy. They should try to find if the babies are sharing a placenta, which can increase the risk of complications still further.
There were 54 “selective terminations” in 2008; 71 in 2009 and 85 last year,  shown Department of Health statistics.

The most recent annual report stated: “In 2010, there were 85 abortions which involved selective terminations. In 51 cases, two fetuses were reduced to one fetus.
“Over three quarters (78 per cent) of the selective terminations were performed under ground E [risk that the child would be born handicapped].”
Nice does not suggest that health professionals give any similar warnings about the risks of abortion for women expecting one baby.

Guide to Pre-eclampsia in pregnancy

Pre-eclampsia or Pregnancy hypertension or high blood pressure, is considered to be serious complication with pregnant women. If it is is not detected on time, there will be potentially life-threatening to mother and unborn baby.

The symptoms

Usually, Pre-eclampsia is most common at the third trimester of pregnancy time, it can cause severe headaches, blurred vision (or light sensitivity), stomach ache, nausea and dizziness, and sudden weight gain. The mother can sometimes feel really unwell, then it’s time to meet the doctor for routine blood pressure and urine testing.

The causes

There are still not exact causes for pre-eclampsia. Experts just explain this through the raising blood pressure mechanism as the feed back of the the placenta to the mother’s body due to abnormalities of blood flow.

The triggers are found to lead pre-eclampsia including:

Being under 20 or over 40 years of age

Being the first pregnancy,

Having the condition before or some medical conditions already such as obese, diabetes, high blood pressure or kidney disease.

The treatment

As pre-eclampsia is easy to detective, the simplest treatment if keeping your blood pressure at a reasonable level with anti-hypertensive drugs. You may also be given magnesium sulphate to prevent seizures.

Be carefull if you do not want to there are any other complications.