CMV esophagitis : Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors

Alternate Names : Cytomegalovirus esophagitis

Definition

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) esophagitis is a viral infection of the esophagus, the muscular tube through which food travels from the mouth to the stomach.

See also:

  • CMV gastroenteritis
  • CMV retinitis
  • Cytomegalovirus – immunocompromised host
  • Congenital cytomegalovirus

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors

CMV esophagitis is caused by the cytomegalovirus (CMV).

The condition is often a sign of a weakened immune system. The following conditions raise your risk for CMV infections:

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Chemotherapy
  • Diabetes
  • Leukemia or lymphoma
  • Organ transplants
  • Other conditions that suppress or weaken your immune system

Pictures & Images

CMV esophagitis

Cytomegalovirus is a large herpes-type virus commonly found in humans that can cause serious infections in people with impaired immunity. CMV esophagitis, which may lead to ulcers, is treated with antiviral medications, which may stop the replication of the virus but will not destroy it.

Upper gastrointestinal system

Upper gastrointestinal system

The upper gastrointestinal organs include the mouth, esophagus and stomach.


Review Date : 8/28/2009
Reviewed By : David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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