Basal ganglia dysfunction : Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors

Definition

Basal ganglia dysfunction is a problem with the basal ganglia, the deep brain structures that help start and control movement.

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors

Conditions that cause injury to the brain can damage the basal ganglia. Such conditions include:

  • Drug overdose
  • Head injury
  • Infection
  • Liver disease
  • Metabolic problems
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Side effects of certain medications
  • Stroke
  • Tumors

Many brain disorders are associated with basal ganglia dysfunction. They include:

  • Dystonia
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Multiple system atrophy
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Progressive supranuclear palsy
  • Wilson’s disease

This list may not be all-inclusive.


Review Date : 9/22/2008
Reviewed By : Daniel B. Hoch, PhD, MD, Assistant Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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