Acute myeloid leukemia: Symptoms & Signs, Diagnosis & Tests

Symptoms & Signs

  • Abnormal menstrual periods
  • Bleeding from the nose
  • Bleeding gums
  • Bruising
  • Bone pain or tenderness
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Paleness
  • Shortness of breath (gets worse with exercise)
  • Skin rash or lesion
  • Swollen gums (rare)
  • Weight loss

Diagnosis & Tests

The doctor will perform a physical exam. There may be signs of a swollen spleen, liver, or lymph nodes.

A complete blood count (CBC) shows anemia and a low number of platelets. A white blood cell count (WBC) can be high, low, or normal.

Bone marrow aspiration will show if there are any leukemia cells.

If your doctor learns you do have this type of leukemia, further tests will be done to determine the specific type of AML. There are eight subtypes of AML. They range from M0 to M7, based on which blood cells are abnormal.

Acute myeloid leukemia: Overview, Causes

Acute myeloid leukemia: Symptoms & Signs, Diagnosis & Tests

Acute myeloid leukemia Treatment


Review Date : 7/11/2008
Reviewed By : David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; and James R. Mason, MD, Oncologist, Director, Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program and Stem Cell Processing Lab, Scripps Clinic, Torrey Pines, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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