How to Control Atopic Dermatitis (AD)?

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a very common, often chronic (long-lasting) skin disease that affects a large percentage of the world’s population. It is also called eczema, dermatitis, or atopy. It is most frequently seen in children, characterized by dry skin, eczema-type rashes and intense itching. It often appears on the face, elbows and knees, among other parts of the body.

While there is no “cure” for atopic dermatitis, the following tips can bring atopic dermatitis under control.

  1. Consult your pediatrician if any any skin rash breakout or irritation in your child to gets the situation under control.
  2. Observe your child to prevent from scratching, one of the main problems of AD. If your child scratches when feeling itchy, he/she is itchier and gets other further damage to his/her skin.
  3. Remove labels on your child’s clothes if the items in garments make a breakout in your child. Also avoid tight, rough or scratchy clothing and use hypoallergenic detergents in either liquid or powder form to reduce irritation.
  4. Let teachers know because children’s academic performance can be sometimes affected due to sleeping disorders associated with the condition.
  5. Follow a moisturizing routine throughout the whole year because both air conditioning in summer and central heating in winter can cause skin dryness and provoke skin irritation. Ensure that your child does not get sunburned and that their sunscreens are suitable for sensitive skin in summer, and keep him/her warm in winter.
  6. Be careful of milk, eggs, citrus fruits, chocolate, peanuts and some artificial colors because they are problematic foods which can trigger a flare-up of eczema in about ten percent of children.
  7. Have your child take bath with lukewarm. Avoid soap products and after bathing, dry without rubbing the towel against the skin and apply the cream recommended by your pediatrician.

 

 


Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.

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