CMV – immunocompromised host : Treatment

Treatment

Several antiviral medications are available to treat CMV. These medicines require close monitoring for side effects. Antiviral drugs can help stop the virus from copying itself within the body. However, the drugs do not eliminate the virus from the body.

Prognosis (Expectations)

CMV infection in an immunocompromised person can be life threatening. The severity of the disease depends on the strength of the person’s immune system. Research has shown that people who have had a bone marrow transplant have the highest mortality risk.

Any immunocompromised person, whether an HIV patient, organ transplant recipient, bone marrow transplant recipient, or other, should seek medical advice if any signs of infection occur.

Complications

  • Blindness
  • Kidney impairment (from medications used to treat the condition)
  • Liver damage
  • Low white blood cell count (from medications used to treat the condition)
  • Meningitis
  • Pneumonia

Calling Your Health Care Provider

Call your health care provider if you are immunosuppressed and you have symptoms of CMV infection.


Review Date : 12/1/2009
Reviewed By : David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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