Cirrhosis : Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors

Alternate Names : Liver cirrhosis

Definition

Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver and poor liver function as a result of chronic liver disease.

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors

Cirrhosis is caused by chronic liver disease. Common causes of chronic liver disease in the United States include:

Other causes of cirrhosis include:

Pictures & Images

Digestive system

The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

Liver cirrhosis, CT scan

Liver cirrhosis, CT scan

A CT scan of the upper abdomen showing cirrhosis of the liver.

Clubbing

Clubbing

Clubbing may result from chronic low blood-oxygen levels. This can be seen with cystic fibrosis, congenital cyanotic heart disease, and several other diseases. The tips of the fingers enlarge and the nails become extremely curved from front to back.

Digestive system organs

Digestive system organs

The digestive system organs in the abdominal cavity include the liver, gallbladder, stomach, small intestine and large intestine.


Review Date : 10/18/2009
Reviewed By : George F. Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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