Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency: Treatment

Treatment

Treatment involves replacing the missing AAT protein. The protein is given through a vein each week. However, it is not yet known who may benefit from such therapy.

Quitting smoking is crucial.

Other treatments specifically for emphysema and cirrhosis are also used.

http://www.health32.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/lungs.jpg

Prognosis (Expectations)

Some people with this deficiency will not develop liver or lung disease. However, emphysema and cirrhosis can be deadly.

Complications

* Cirrhosis or liver failure
* Emphysema
* Liver cancer

Calling Your Health Care Provider

Call your health care provider if you develop symptoms of AAT deficiency.

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency: Overview, Causes

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency: Symptoms & signs, Diagnosis & Tests

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency: Treatment


Review Date : 8/29/2008
Reviewed By : Sean O. Stitham, MD, private practice in Internal Medicine, Seattle, WA; Benjamin Medoff, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Pulmonary and Critical Care Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
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